low-lying riverine country with a total area of
55,598 miles (143,998 square kilometers). Bangladesh
stretches latitudinal between 20°34' and 26°38'
north and longitudinally between 88°01' and
92°41' east. it is almost surrounded by India
except for a short (about 120 miles) south eastern
frontier with Burma, and a southern irregular
deltaic coast line that faces Bay of Bengal. The
physical geography of Bangladesh primary presents
a two-dimensional facet. The flat alluvial plain
comprising most of the country and the much smaller
hilly area of chittagong and chittagong Hill Tracts
in the extreme south east. The most significant
characteristic feature of Bangladesh’s landscape
is its extensive network of rivers which contribute
a great deal to the socio-economic life of the
nation. The climate of Bangladesh is dominated
The population of Bangladesh was
estimated at about 93.00 million in 1984, is technically
homogeneous. Islam is the state religion of Bangladesh.
More than 98% of the people speak Bengali. Immediately
after independence in 1971. Bengali was introduced
as the only medium of instruction at all levels
of education. However, English is still widely
used in Bangladesh.
Lowest administrative unit in Bangladesh
is Union Council. Each Union comprises about 20,000
inhabitants and about 8-12 Unions are grouped
into an Upazila. Bangladesh has about 464 Upazilas.
The next highest administrative unit is the District.
The total number of Districts stands at 64. Lastly
there are 4(four) Division with their headquarters
in Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna and Rajshahi that
embrace the entire country. The capital of Bangladesh
Ninety percent of the people
of Bangladesh are agriculturist and live in the
villages. Most of the farmer’s families
possess cows for draught purposes as well as for
producing milk for their own consumption. In the
process they produce surplus quantity of milk
without any proper and organized facilities for
processing and marketing. In the absence of any
organized sector for collection, processing and
marketing of milk and products, the middlemen
like milk merchants monopolized the milk trade
for ages. They purchase milk from poor, landless
and marginal farmers in the villages by giving
As a result of which the farmers of the villages
are deprived of their reasonable price.